You get this error when two or more Oracle APEX applications have the same alias.
When you import the sample application in the same workspace and give it a different ID, the alias is changed automatically so it's unique. However when you import an application in a different workspace, the alias is not being replaced by a unique value, which might result in the error: "The application alias "X" can not be converted to a unique application ID."
There's an easy way to find where those applications are with the same alias by running the following query (as a DBA or a user with the APEX_ADMINISTRATOR_ROLE):
select workspace, application_id, application_name from apex_applications where alias = 'X'
This will give you the workspace, application id, and application name with the specific alias.